Chest pain or chest tightness (Chest pain lasting longer than 20 minutes or that is associated with sweating, shortness of breath or radiation to another part of the body e.g. arm, is to be considered a ‘heart attack’ until proven otherwise, regardless of the age of the patient).
Injuries caused by a motor vehicle accident >60km/h or pedestrian/cyclist >30km/h
Broken bones or dislocated joints - deformed or not in normal alignment
Limb Injury - if the limb is deformed or not in normal alignment or is pale compared to the other limb or there is a loss of function or feeling in the limb or the patient cannot bear weight/walk; this is highly suggestive of referral directly to an Emergency Department.
Limb Pain (without injury)
Copyright - Medics for Life 2016